Adkisson's

Uniform Protected Series Act

(UPSA)

Caution State Law Variances!

SECTION 602. PROTECTED SERIES MAY NOT BE PARTY TO ENTITY TRANSACTION.

A protected series may not:

(1) be an acquiring, acquired, converting, converted, merging, or surviving entity;

 

JayNote: The concept of the protected series is technically difficult enough without allowing protected series to create their own protected series or merge like so much bacteria in a poorly maintained gas station restroom. Moreover, allowing such activities could turn protected series into an impossibly confusing shell game against investors and creditors alike. For these and other reasons, the Drafting Committee determined after lengthy discussion to ban mergers of protected series outright (it was not seriously questioned that protected series should be utterly banned from procreating their own spawn of protected series). This ban is embodied in section 602.

 

Paragraph (1) of that section says that a protected series cannot itself be a party to an acquisition, conversion or merger.

 

(2) participate in a domestication; or

 

Reporter's Comment to Paragraphs (1) and (2) – Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (2006) (Last Amended 2013), Section 1001 defines the terms listed in Paragraph (1) but with regard to domestications refers to a domesticating or domesticated limited liability company. Hence the need for Paragraph (2).

 

JayNote: Paragraph (2) of § 602 says that a protected series cannot participate in a domestication, which in English means that once it has been formed in State A, the protected series cannot convert to a State B entity.

 

(3) be a party to or be formed, organized, established, or created in a transaction substantially like a merger, interest exchange, conversion, or domestication.

 

Reporter's Comment to Section 602 - The protected series is still novel, and this act is the first to comprehensively address the multitude of issues raised by the construct. Juxtaposing protected series with entity transactions raises a plethora of additional issues. For example, during the Drafting Committee's discussions of this subject, a commissioner created a set of Power Point slides diagramming 11 possible merger transactions involving protected series. Adding conversions, domestications, and interest exchanges would have added countless more permutations.

 

The Drafting Committee decided to move slowly in this area and to provide a very narrow channel for entity transactions involving protected series. As its first step in creating the narrow channel, the Committee rejected allowing a protected series itself to be a party to any entity transaction.

 

JayNote: What if, since the entire concept of protected series is relatively new, some really bright person comes up with a transaction that isn't technically any of an acquisition, conversion, merger or domestication, etc., but which has the practical effect of one of those prohibited transactions? In that event, paragraph (3) of § 602 attempts a catchall provision that would similarly prohibit "like" transactions.

 

 

C O M M O N    P A G E    F O O T E R

UPSA AND WEBSITE CONTENTS

 

ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

 

          SECTION 101. SHORT TITLE.

 

          SECTION 102. DEFINITIONS.

 

          SECTION 103. NATURE OF PROTECTED SERIES.

 

          SECTION 104. POWERS AND DURATION OF PROTECTED SERIES.

 

          SECTION 105. GOVERNING LAW.

 

          SECTION 106. RELATION OF OPERATING AGREEMENT, THIS ACT, AND LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY ACT.

 

          SECTION 107. ADDITIONAL LIMITATIONS ON OPERATING AGREEMENT.

 

         SECTION 108. RULES FOR APPLYING LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY ACT TO SPECIFIED PROVISIONS OF ACT.

 

ARTICLE 2. ESTABLISHING PROTECTED SERIES

 

         SECTION 201. PROTECTED SERIES DESIGNATION; AMENDMENT.

 

          SECTION 202. NAME.

 

          SECTION 203. REGISTERED AGENT.

 

          SECTION 204. SERVICE OF PROCESS, NOTICE, DEMAND, OR OTHER RECORD.

 

          SECTION 205. CERTIFICATE OF GOOD STANDING FOR PROTECTED SERIES.

 

          SECTION 206. INFORMATION REQUIRED IN ANNUAL BIENNIAL REPORT; EFFECT OF FAILURE TO PROVIDE.

 

ARTICLE 3. ASSOCIATED ASSET; ASSOCIATED MEMBER; PROTECTED-SERIES TRANSFERABLE INTEREST; MANAGEMENT; RIGHT OF INFORMATION

 

          SECTION 301. ASSOCIATED ASSET.

 

         SECTION 302. ASSOCIATED MEMBER.

 

          SECTION 303. PROTECTED-SERIES TRANSFERABLE INTEREST.

 

          SECTION 304. MANAGEMENT.

 

          SECTION 305. RIGHT OF PERSON NOT ASSOCIATED MEMBER OF PROTECTED SERIES TO INFORMATION CONCERNING PROTECTED SERIES.

 

ARTICLE 4. LIMITATION ON LIABILITY AND ENFORCEMENT OF CLAIMS

 

          SECTION 401. LIMITATIONS ON LIABILITY.

 

          SECTION 402. CLAIM SEEKING TO DISREGARD LIMITATION OF LIABILITY.

 

          SECTION 403. REMEDIES OF JUDGMENT CREDITOR OF ASSOCIATED MEMBER OR PROTECTED-SERIES TRANSFEREE.

 

          SECTION 404. ENFORCEMENT AGAINST NON-ASSOCIATED ASSET.

 

ARTICLE 5. DISSOLUTION AND WINDING UP OF PROTECTED SERIES

 

          SECTION 501. EVENTS CAUSING DISSOLUTION OF PROTECTED SERIES.

 

          SECTION 502. WINDING UP DISSOLVED PROTECTED SERIES.

 

          SECTION 503. EFFECT OF REINSTATEMENT OF SERIES LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY OR REVOCATION OF VOLUNTARY DISSOLUTION.

 

ARTICLE 6. ENTITY TRANSACTIONS RESTRICTED

 

          SECTION 601. DEFINITIONS.

 

          SECTION 602. PROTECTED SERIES MAY NOT BE PARTY TO ENTITY TRANSACTION.

 

          SECTION 603. RESTRICTION ON ENTITY TRANSACTION INVOLVING PROTECTED SERIES.

 

          SECTION 604. MERGER AUTHORIZED; PARTIES RESTRICTED.

 

          SECTION 605. PLAN OF MERGER.

 

          SECTION 606. STATEMENT OF MERGER.

 

          SECTION 607. EFFECT OF MERGER.

 

          SECTION 608. APPLICATION OF SECTION 404 AFTER MERGER.

 

ARTICLE 7. FOREIGN PROTECTED SERIES

 

          SECTION 701. GOVERNING LAW.

 

          SECTION 702. NO ATTRIBUTION OF ACTIVITIES CONSTITUTING DOING BUSINESS OR FOR ESTABLISHING JURISDICTION.

 

          SECTION 703. REGISTRATION OF FOREIGN PROTECTED SERIES.

 

          SECTION 704. DISCLOSURE REQUIRED WHEN FOREIGN SERIES LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY OR FOREIGN PROTECTED SERIES PARTY TO PROCEEDING.

 

ARTICLE 8. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

 

          SECTION 801. UNIFORMITY OF APPLICATION AND CONSTRUCTION.

 

          SECTION 802. RELATION TO ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES IN GLOBAL AND NATIONAL COMMERCE ACT.

 

          SECTION 803. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS.

 

          SECTION 804. SAVINGS CLAUSE.

 

          SECTION 805. SEVERABILITY CLAUSE.

 

          SECTION 806. REPEALS; CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

 

          SECTION 807. EFFECTIVE DATE.

 

- - - - - - - - - -

 

Adkisson's Articles On Protected Series LLCs ULLCPSA

 

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THE CHARGING ORDER PRACTICE GUIDE BY JAY ADKISSON

 

The Charging Order Practice Guide: Understanding Judgment Creditor Rights Against LLC Members, by Jay D. Adkisson (2018), published by the LLCs, Partnerships and Unincorporated Entities Committee of the Business Law Section of the American Bar Association

Click here for more information

 

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MORE INFORMATIONAL WEBSITES BY JAY ADKISSON

 

  • About Jay Adkisson - More about Jay D. Adkisson, background, books, articles, speaking appearances - https://jayadkisson.com/

 

  • Captive Insurance Companies - Licensed insurance companies formed by the parent organization to handle the insurance and risk management needs of the business, by the author of the book Adkisson's Captive Insurance Companies - https://captiveinsurancecompanies.com/

 

 

  • Collecting On A Judgment - An explanation of common creditor remedies, strategies and tactics to enforce a judgment, including a discussion of common debtor asset protection strategies - https://collectingonajudgment.com/

 

  • Voidable Transactions - Discussion of the Uniform Voidable Transactions Act (a/k/a 2014 Revision of the Uniform Fraudulent Transfers Act) and fraudulent transfer law in general - https://voidabletransactions.com/

 

  • Private Retirement Plans - An exploration of a unique creditor exemption allowed under California law which can be very beneficial but is often misused - https://privateretirementplans.com/

 

  • Charging Orders - The confusing remedy against a debtor's interest in an LLC or partnership is explained in reference to the Uniform Partnership Act, the Uniform Limited Partnership Act, and the Uniform Limited Liability Company Act - https://chargingorder.com/

 

  • California Enforcement of Judgments Law - Considers the topic of judgment enforcement in California, including the California Enforcement of Judgments Law and other laws related to California creditor-debtor issues - https://calejl.com/

 

 

Contact Jay Adkisson:

 

Phone: 702-953-9617     Fax: 877-698-0678     jay [at] jayad.com

 

Unless a dire emergency, please send me an e-mail first in lieu of calling to set up a telephone appointment for a date an time certain.

 

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© 2018 by Jay D. Adkisson. All rights reserved. No part of this website may be copied in whole or in any part without the express written permission of Jay D. Adkisson. Nothing herein is any advertisement or offer by the firm to practice in any jurisdiction where no attorney of the firm is licensed to practice law. This website does not give any legal advice or opinion, and is no substitute for the advice and counsel of an attorney consulted in the relevant jurisdiction. Questions about this website should be directed to jay [at] jayad.com, by phone to 702-953-9617 or by fax to 877-698-0678. This website is http://www.protectedseriesact.com