Adkisson's

Uniform Protected Series Act

(UPSA)

Caution State Law Variances!

SECTION 703. REGISTRATION OF FOREIGN PROTECTED SERIES.

 

JayNote: If a foreign protected series seeks to register to conduct business in a UPSA state, then § 703 will govern that registration.

 

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this section and subject to Sections 402 and 404, the law of this state governing the registration of a foreign limited liability company to do business in this state, including the consequences of not complying with that law, applies to a foreign protected series of a foreign series limited liability company as if the foreign protected series were a foreign limited liability company formed separately from the foreign series limited liability company and distinct from the foreign series limited liability company and any other foreign protected series of the foreign series limited liability company.

 

JayNote: Paragraph (a) of Section 703 is another extrapolation provision, which basically says that a foreign protected series should be treated like a foreign LLC for purposes of registering to do in-state business, including the consequences of not registering if it should register. As happened with § 701(4), there are again exceptions to this extrapolated rule, those exceptions being § 402 (alter ego and veil piercing) and § 404 (non-associated assets).

 

(b) An application by a foreign protected series of a foreign series limited liability company for registration to do business in this state must include:

(1) the name and jurisdiction of formation of the foreign series limited liability company; and

(2) if the company has other foreign protected series, the name and street and mailing address of an individual who knows the name and street and mailing address of:

(A) each other foreign protected series of the foreign series limited liability company; and

(B) the foreign protected-series manager of and agent for service of process for each other foreign protected series of the foreign series limited liability company.

 

Reporter's Comment to Subsection (b)(2) – The information the individual is required to know parallels the information required to be disclosed under Section 704(a) (requiring disclosure in the early course of litigation).

 

JayNote: Under ¶ (b)(1) of § 703, the application for registration of a foreign protected series must include its name and identify the jurisdiction where it was formed. Common enough. But we find a unique requirement in ¶ (b)(2) of that section, which additionally requires the registration to include the name of some individual (i.e., not another company) who knows both the name, street address, mailing address, manager, and service of process agent for each and every other foreign protected series of that same series organization.

 

(c) The name of a foreign protected series applying for registration or registered to do business in this state must comply with Section 202 and may do so using [cite this state's fictitious name statute], if the [fictitious] name complies with Section 202.

 

JayNote: Section 703(c) says that the name the foreign protected series uses to register to do business in-state must also comply with § 202, but can use a fictitious business name (popular known as a "d/b/a") so long as that name complies with § 202.

 

(d) The requirement in [cite to the provision of this state's limited liability company act pertaining to updating registration information] to amend a statement of registration to update information applies to the information required by subsection (b).

 

Reporter's Comment to Subsection (d) – A state that has enacted Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (2006) (Last Amended 2013) would cite Section 904.

 

JayNote: Paragraph (d) of § 703 is another extrapolation provision which basically says that a state's ULLCA controls amendments to registrations by a foreign protected series.

 

 

 

 

Legislative Note: Under the Uniform Limited Liability Company Act (2006) (Last Amended 2013), Section 903, a foreign registration statement does not include a certificate of good standing from the filing office of the foreign limited liability company's jurisdiction of formation. Accordingly, this act does not refer to any analogous certificate pertaining to a foreign protected series. If an enacting state's limited liability company act does require a certificate of good standing at the limited liability company level, the state should consider an analogous requirement at the foreign protected series level. An enacting state that imposes an analogous requirement will have to decide how to deal with a would-be registrant established under the law of a jurisdiction in which a protected series is established without the filing of any public record pertaining to the protected series.

 

UPSA AND WEBSITE CONTENTS

 

ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 101. SHORT TITLE.     SECTION 102. DEFINITIONS.     SECTION 103. NATURE OF PROTECTED SERIES.    SECTION 104. POWERS AND DURATION OF PROTECTED SERIES.     SECTION 105. GOVERNING LAW.     SECTION 106. RELATION OF OPERATING AGREEMENT, THIS ACT, AND LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY ACT.     SECTION 107. ADDITIONAL LIMITATIONS ON OPERATING AGREEMENT.     SECTION 108. RULES FOR APPLYING LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY ACT TO SPECIFIED PROVISIONS OF ACT.

 

ARTICLE 2. ESTABLISHING PROTECTED SERIES

SECTION 201. PROTECTED SERIES DESIGNATION; AMENDMENT.     SECTION 202. NAME.     SECTION 203. REGISTERED AGENT.     SECTION 204. SERVICE OF PROCESS, NOTICE, DEMAND, OR OTHER RECORD.     SECTION 205. CERTIFICATE OF GOOD STANDING FOR PROTECTED SERIES.     SECTION 206. INFORMATION REQUIRED IN ANNUAL BIENNIAL REPORT; EFFECT OF FAILURE TO PROVIDE.

 

ARTICLE 3. ASSOCIATED ASSET; ASSOCIATED MEMBER; PROTECTED-SERIES TRANSFERABLE INTEREST; MANAGEMENT; RIGHT OF INFORMATION

SECTION 301. ASSOCIATED ASSET.     SECTION 302. ASSOCIATED MEMBER.     SECTION 303. PROTECTED-SERIES TRANSFERABLE INTEREST.     SECTION 304. MANAGEMENT.     SECTION 305. RIGHT OF PERSON NOT ASSOCIATED MEMBER OF PROTECTED SERIES TO INFORMATION CONCERNING PROTECTED SERIES.

 

ARTICLE 4. LIMITATION ON LIABILITY AND ENFORCEMENT OF CLAIMS

SECTION 401. LIMITATIONS ON LIABILITY.     SECTION 402. CLAIM SEEKING TO DISREGARD LIMITATION OF LIABILITY.     SECTION 403. REMEDIES OF JUDGMENT CREDITOR OF ASSOCIATED MEMBER OR PROTECTED-SERIES TRANSFEREE.     SECTION 404. ENFORCEMENT AGAINST NON-ASSOCIATED ASSET.

 

ARTICLE 5. DISSOLUTION AND WINDING UP OF PROTECTED SERIES

SECTION 501. EVENTS CAUSING DISSOLUTION OF PROTECTED SERIES.     SECTION 502. WINDING UP DISSOLVED PROTECTED SERIES.     SECTION 503. EFFECT OF REINSTATEMENT OF SERIES LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY OR REVOCATION OF VOLUNTARY DISSOLUTION.

 

ARTICLE 6. ENTITY TRANSACTIONS RESTRICTED

SECTION 601. DEFINITIONS.     SECTION 602. PROTECTED SERIES MAY NOT BE PARTY TO ENTITY TRANSACTION.     SECTION 603. RESTRICTION ON ENTITY TRANSACTION INVOLVING PROTECTED SERIES.     SECTION 604. MERGER AUTHORIZED; PARTIES RESTRICTED.     SECTION 605. PLAN OF MERGER.     SECTION 606. STATEMENT OF MERGER.     SECTION 607. EFFECT OF MERGER.     SECTION 608. APPLICATION OF SECTION 404 AFTER MERGER.

 

ARTICLE 7. FOREIGN PROTECTED SERIES

SECTION 701. GOVERNING LAW.     SECTION 702. NO ATTRIBUTION OF ACTIVITIES CONSTITUTING DOING BUSINESS OR FOR ESTABLISHING JURISDICTION.     SECTION 703. REGISTRATION OF FOREIGN PROTECTED SERIES.     SECTION 704. DISCLOSURE REQUIRED WHEN FOREIGN SERIES LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY OR FOREIGN PROTECTED SERIES PARTY TO PROCEEDING.

 

ARTICLE 8. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

SECTION 801. UNIFORMITY OF APPLICATION AND CONSTRUCTION.     SECTION 802. RELATION TO ELECTRONIC SIGNATURES IN GLOBAL AND NATIONAL COMMERCE ACT.     SECTION 803. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS.     SECTION 804. SAVINGS CLAUSE.     SECTION 805. SEVERABILITY CLAUSE.     SECTION 806. REPEALS; CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.     SECTION 807. EFFECTIVE DATE.

 

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Protected Series Agreements and Forms -- A list of the "best practices" agreements and records that all protected series structures should have.

 

SERIES LLC COURT OPINIONS

 

UPSA COURT OPINIONS

 

None

 

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NON-UPSA COURT OPINIONS

 

191212 ... Ohio ... Delaware Act .. MSP Recovery Claims, Series LLC v. Phoenix Ins. Co., 2019 WL 6770981 (N.D. Ohio, 2019).

 

181019 ... Florida ... Delaware Act ... MRS Recovery Claims, Series LLC v. USAA General Indemnity Co., 2018 WL 5112998 (S.D.Fla., Oct. 19, 2018).

 

180605 ... North Dakota ... Nevada Act ... Flaten v. Couture, 912 N.W.2d 330, 2018 ND 136 (2018).

 

Updated List

 

SERIES LLC ARTICLES BY JAY ADKISSON

 

2019.01.28 ... Understanding The Protected Series Act: Article 8 And Final Thoughts

2018.11.24 ... Understanding The Protected Series Act: Treating Out-Of-State Series

2018.11.18 ... Understanding The Protected Series Act: Mergers

2018.10.29 ... Understanding The Protected Series Act: Dissolution And Winding Up Of Protected Series

2018.10.21 ... Understanding The Protected Series Act: Liability Limitations And Claims

2018.08.30 ... Understanding The Protected Series Act: Assets, Members And Management

2018.08.28 ... Understanding The Protected Series Act: Creating A Protected Series And Service Of Process

2018.07.18 ... Understanding The Protected Series Act: The Framework of UPSA - Part 2 of a Series

2018.06.18 ... Understanding The Protected Series Act: What Is A Protected Series?

 

 

More articles on Series LLCs by Jay Adkisson click here

THE CHARGING ORDER PRACTICE GUIDE BY JAY ADKISSON

 

The Charging Order Practice Guide: Understanding Judgment Creditor Rights Against LLC Members, by Jay D. Adkisson (2018), published by the LLCs, Partnerships and Unincorporated Entities Committee of the Business Law Section of the American Bar Association

Click here for more information

 

Now available for purchase at https://goo.gl/faZzY6

MORE INFORMATIONAL WEBSITES BY JAY ADKISSON

 

  • Jay Adkisson - More about Jay D. Adkisson, background, books, articles, speaking appearances.

 

  • Captive Insurance - Licensed insurance companies formed by the parent organization to handle the insurance and risk management needs of the business, by the author of the book Adkisson's Captive Insurance Companies.

 

  • Asset Protection - The all-time best-selling book on asset protection planning by Jay Adkisson and Chris Riser.

 

  • Collecting On A Judgment - An explanation of common creditor remedies, strategies and tactics to enforce a judgment, including a discussion of common debtor asset protection strategies.

 

  • Voidable Transactions - Discussion of the Uniform Voidable Transactions Act (a/k/a 2014 Revision of the Uniform Fraudulent Transfers Act) and fraudulent transfer law in general.

 

  • Private Retirement Plans - An exploration of a unique creditor exemption allowed under California law which can be very beneficial but is often misused.

 

  • Charging Orders - The confusing remedy against a debtor's interest in an LLC or partnership is explained in reference to the Uniform Partnership Act, the Uniform Limited Partnership Act, and the Uniform Limited Liability Company Act.

 

  • California Enforcement of Judgments Law - Considers the topic of judgment enforcement in California, including the California Enforcement of Judgments Law and other laws related to California creditor-debtor issues.

 

  • Anti-SLAPP Laws - A collection of and commentary about Anti-SLAPP laws and significant court decisions on the subject within the United States, and special treatment of the California Anti-SLAPP Act.

 

CONTACT JAY ADKISSON

 

Contact Jay Adkisson:

 

Phone: 702-953-9617     Fax: 877-698-0678     jay [at] jayad.com

 

Unless a dire emergency, please send me an e-mail first in lieu of calling to set up a telephone appointment for a date an time certain.

 

Las Vegas Office: 6671 S. Las Vegas Blvd., Suite 210, Las Vegas, NV 89119, Ph: 702-953-9617, Fax: 877-698-0678. By appointment only.

 

Newport Beach Office: 100 Bayview Circle, Suite 210, Newport Beach, California 92660. Ph: 949-200-7773, Fax: 877-698-0678. By appointment only.

 

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© 2019 by Jay D. Adkisson. All rights reserved. No part of this website may be copied in whole or in any part without the express written permission of Jay D. Adkisson. Nothing herein is any advertisement or offer by the firm to practice in any jurisdiction where no attorney of the firm is licensed to practice law. This website does not give any legal advice or opinion, and is no substitute for the advice and counsel of an attorney consulted in the relevant jurisdiction. Other. Questions about this website should be directed to jay [at] jayad.com, by phone to 702-953-9617 or by fax to 877-698-0678. This website is http://www.protectedseriesact.com